Beach of Patara in Turkey
Patara was founded in the V century BC and soon became the largest port of Lycia.The Temple of Apollo with oracle, that was considered the second most important temple after the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, was attracting pilgrims from all the Greek cities of Asia Minor.
So where is Patara in Turkey located? The Patara ruins are located approximately in 10 kilometers west of the modern Turkish town of Kalkan in province of Antalya.
During the wars between the successors of Alexander the Great the city of Patara was the major naval port and shipyard. In 42 BC Brutus gave an ultimatum to residents of Patara - he promised to spare all citizens of Patara and even release previously captured captives for the surrender of the city otherwise he would arrange a similar to Xanthos massacre. Patara chose to give up.
The Roman emperor Hadrian used to live in Patara for some time. The Apostle Paul and the Luke the Evangelist stayed here and on the way to Rome. In 138 BC the population of the city was about 20,000 and Patara was the second most important city after Ephesus. Patara is also the birthplace of St. Nicholas (270 AD) - Archbishop of Myra and the prototype of Santa Claus.
Today Patara Turkey is mostly known for its beautiful white sand beach. Patara Beach is a strip of white sand of 500m width stretching along the Mediterranean coast for 20 km. There are sunbeds, changing rooms, several places to eat and have fun on the beach. It is a place where tourists can relax in a quiet secluded atmosphere amid the stunning seascapes. Beach and the sea is maintained in perfect cleanliness as Patara is the National Park and protected by the government. Patara Beach in Turkey was recognized as the best beach in Europe by British weekly journal The Sunday Times.